Integration of knowledge across disciplines

Reviewing old PBL cases with your newly found knowledge is an excellent way of reinforcing knowledge

Even better is to interview and assess a patient on the ward who has a similar problem


Case based problems provide the perfect opportunity to find the clinical relevance of the material. Here's how:

Step 1 - Get an overview of the clinical condition

Step 2 - Relate this to the clinical medicine

Step 3 - Investigate the mechanisms of the Clinical Science

Step 4 - Expand your understanding

Step 5 - Review the treatments

Step 6 - Investigate the mechanisms of the Therapeutics

Step 7 - Reinforce the links

Step 8 - Review each complication using the above schema

e.g. recovering renal failure and inappropriate diuresis

There are, in truth, no specialties in medicine, since to know fully many of the most important diseases a man must be familiar with their manifestations in many organs.

William Osler