Furthering the clinical enquiry


repeat for each organ


repeat for each organ


repeat for each organ


repeat for each plausible pathological process

Consider those conditions which demonstrate the best fit of data consistent with the anatomy, physiology and pathology.

Commence targeted investigations to confirm this.


Summary of pathological processes

Surgical Pathology

Assessing organ dysfunction - clinically

Assessing organ function

"A few observations and much reasoning leads to error; many observations and a little reasoning to truth"
Alexis Carrell

"You know my method. It is founded upon the observation of trifles’
Sherlock Holmes

"If you don’t think of the diagnosis you’ll never make it."

"More is missed from not looking than not knowing"
Prof. Thomas Macrae

"If there is a fault in us bred of familiarity it is, I believe, the old fault of omitting to probe sufficiently deeply into causes; the fault of accepting the fact of common symptoms without trying to explain them."
Jon A Ryle

"A man must cultivate the habit of careful observation and of cautious thinking"