Clinical reasoning errors

Traps for the unwary - common reasoning mistakes made by junior residents

"You see only what you look for; you recognise only what you know"

The Eureka syndrome

Premature termination of search for information (premature closure) is one of the commonest causes of misdiagnosis.

Finalising a hypothesis should not occur just because a few symptoms are consistent with the proposed condition.

To avoid error follow these steps........ Hint - each of these examples contain contradictory information