ACID-BASE DISTURBANCES

see Acid-Base Primer

see Acid-Base Rules

Metabolic acidosis  

Metabolic alkalosis  

Respiratory acidosis 

Respiratory alkalosis  

 

The anion gap

(normal range 10-14)

 

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS - ASSESSMENT

See Causes of metabolic acidosis

 

 

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS - MANAGEMENT

 

 

Bicarbonate therapy

 

METABOLIC ALKALOSIS - ASSESSMENT

See Causes of Metabolic alkalosis

 

Remember

 

METABOLIC ALKALOSIS - MANAGEMENT

 

Non saline responsive metabolic alkalosis

UCL- < 10 meq/L and renal failure - HCl +/- dialysis

 

RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS/ACIDOSIS

 

RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS - CAUSES

 

RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS - CAUSES