Back Pain – Non-MSK causes

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Pain referred to the back can arise from any of the retroperitoneal structures.

A useful mnemonic for the anatomically-challenged is SAD PUCKER

  • S: suprarenal (adrenal) gland
  • A: aorta/IVC
  • D: duodenum (second and third part)
  • P: pancreas (except tail)
  • U: ureters
  • C: colon (except transverse)
  • K: kidneys
  • E: esophagus
  • R: rectum

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